MRI of Musculoskeletal Diseases
DOI link for MRI of Musculoskeletal Diseases
MRI of Musculoskeletal Diseases book
This chapter focuses on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of common pathologic conditions of the musculoskeletal system. It covers joint-specific conditions that may be investigated with MRI, and covers conditions that can affect any regions of the limbs, such as myopathies, neoplasia, and infection. MRI of the shoulder is one of the most common indications for musculoskeletal MRI in dogs, as shoulder lameness may often be caused by non-osseous lesions affecting the articular or periarticular soft tissue structures of the shoulder joint, which are not amenable to a straightforward radiographic or computed tomography diagnosis. MRI provides exquisite soft tissue contrast with very good resolution, and its multiplanar imaging capabilities with a large field of view also allow the ruling out of underlying cervical spinal, brachial plexus, or bone disease in a non-invasive manner. Other structures that can be evaluated with MRI include the medial and lateral glenohumeral ligaments and joint capsule, the subscapularis tendon, and the teres minor tendon.