Molten salts or ionic liquids (also referred to as fused salts by some authors) were among the very first media to be employed for electrochemistry. In fact, Sir Humphrey Davy describes electrochemical experiments with molten caustic potash (KOH) and caustic soda (NaOH) [1] as early as 1802! A wide variety of single molten salts and molten salt mixtures have been used as solvents for electroanalytical chemistry. These melts run the gamut from those that are liquid well below room temperature to those melting at more than 2000°C. The former present relatively few experimental challenges, whereas the latter can present enormous difficulties. For example, commercially available Teflon- and Kel-F-shrouded disk electrodes and Pyrex glass cells may be perfectly adequate for electrochemical measurements in ambient temperature melts such as the room-temperature chloroaluminates, but completely inadequate for use with molten sodium fluoroaluminate or cryolite (mp = 1010°C), which is the primary solvent used in the Hall-Heroult process for aluminum electro winning.