Abstract: This chapter presents a variety of rockbursts in five sections: (i) the rockburst introduction, (ii) classification according to triggering mechanisms and modeling approaches, (iii) the study of the above classifications, (iv) the criterion of rockburst, and (v) a brief summary of this chapter. Innovative work has been done in developing the ʻstrainburst testing machineʼ and ʻimpact-induced rockburst testing machineʼ that create a new era in which varied rockburst phenomena can be produced in the laboratory. New concepts are proposed regarding the stress paths for artificially produced rockbursts, the strain-burst criteria, and impact-induced rockburst criteria that take into account both the static and dynamic stress states analogous to that at excavation boundaries. This research provides us with a basis for rockburst prediction and control in the field.