Agriculture needs significant increases in productivity to satisfy the expected growth in demand for food in the next few decades. The impact of climate variability and climate change on agricultural productivity is likely to be a major constraint to achieving increased food production. This makes the development of crop genotypes with resilience to climate change an important strategy for food security. Innovations in crop improvement based upon application of advanced genomics tools may be a way to address this need. The delivery of these technologies will require significant efforts in coordinated development and delivery of improved germplasm (Lybbert et al., 2013). Genomics allows resources available for crop adaptation to environmental stress to be characterized and utilized (Bansal et al., 2013). An evolutionary perspective may assist in the
effective application of the power of genomic tools to the development of climate resilient crops adapted to a changing environment.