Landscape is exposed to ever greater effects of the expanding settlements, transport infrastructure, intensification of farming, and extreme natural processes (such as floods and wind calamities). This trend has prompted launching of different programs with the aim of monitoring the aforementioned and similar effects. One of them is the Co-ORdination of INformation on the Environment (CORINE) program approved by the European Commission (EC) on June 27, 1985 with the objective of creating an information system about the state of the environment in the European Union (EU) and particularly

• To compile information on the state of the environment with regard to certain topics that have priority for all the member states (MS) of the EU

• To coordinate the compilation of data and the organization of information within the MS or at the international level

• To ensure consistency of such information and compatibility of data (Heymann et al., 1994)

The task of the European Environment Agency (EEA) after its founding in 1990 was the expert coordination of the CORINE program activities. The EEA established the European Environment Information and Observation Network (EIONET), which integrated all results of the CORINE program into a common European system.