The Technical Cooperation Program (TTCP) was founded shortly after the Second World War to share military information and to collaborate on research and development of a non-atomic nature. TTCP includes Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America as members. TTCP is organized as a set of groups, and within each group there are technical panels and action groups that address topics of common concern. One of the oldest technical panels within the Human Performance (HUM) Group is Technical Panel 2 (TP2), which focuses on military training. The goal of the panel is to improve military operational effectiveness through collaborative research and development and information exchange in training systems, methods, and assessment techniques. The escalating costs and the resource constraints faced by the militaries of the TTCP countries have led to greater reliance on innovative training technologies, new training methods, and evidence-based assessments as means to maintain and enhance military preparedness.