This chapter focuses on a range of contemporary issues, problems, experiences and commentaries in the Czech Republic in the area of expropriation. It offers potential solutions to the issues covered. It works with the hypothesis that the regulation de lege lata is sufficient and there is no need for amendments. The chapter aims to confirm or disprove this hypothesis. Expropriation is permissible only for the purpose(s) specified by law. This purpose is set out in a number of special laws which may also include a different procedure, but usually the expropriation procedure is established under the Expropriation Act. The expropriation office determines the amount of compensation and the time limit during which the expropriator is required to pay the compensation. The compensation is provided based on its market price, if the object of the expropriation is a plot or a building structure.