This part conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters. The part shows that sweet potato has characteristics of high yielding potential wide range of chemical compositions available for improvement and disadvantages of high water content and less stability. The status of high-yielding countries reveals that sweet potato can respond to research and management input. Sweet potato is considered to be a survival crop in traditional Chinese culture. The experience of Taiwan, indicated that sweet potato can play a significant role in subsistence and post subsistence socio-economic system, but it is a rather poor competitor in a highly market-oriented society. Although sweet potato is produced primarily for animal feed, it can be shifted to a food commodity whenever it is needed. Sweet potato is consumed in the household but its final products—animals, are market-oriented. Although sweet potato often fits well in subsistence agricultural systems, it can be developed into a market-oriented crop.