Sorghum diseases and their management in cultivation: stalk, root and other diseases C. R. Little, A. Y. Bandara and T. C. Todd, Kansas State University, USA; and R. Perumal, Agricultural Research Center – Hays, USA

1 Introduction

2 Charcoal rot

3 Fusarium stalk rot

4 Milo disease

5 Acremonium wilt

6 Root rot complex

7 Bacterial stripe

8 Bacterial streak

9 Virus diseases of sorghum

10 Witchweed

11 Nematode pathogens of sorghum

12 Conclusions and future trends

13 Acknowledgements

14 References

Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is an important feed and food security grain crop; it is also used for fodder and is now an advanced biofuel source. From 2012 to 2017, an average of 7.0 and 6.2 million acres were planted and harvested in the United States, respectively (USDA NASS, 2017). Productivity averaged 67.1 bu A−1 during this period. Throughout the world, an average of 42.8 million acres of sorghum were harvested with an average yield of 14.8 thousand hectograms ha−1 (FAO STAT, 2017). In 2016, the top producers of sorghum in the world were the United States, Nigeria, Sudan and Mexico.