## ABSTRACT

Contents Overview ..........................................................................................................130 Strategies Analysis within CWA .......................................................................130 Formative and Empirical Approaches to Strategies Analysis ..............................131 Empirical Methods for Conducting Strategies Analysis ....................................134 Illustrative Case Study: Using Strategies Analysis to Inform Technology

Deployment ...........................................................................................135 Overview of the Railroad Operations Domain ......................................135 Knowledge Acquisition Approach ..........................................................136 Strategies Analysis ..................................................................................137 Implications for Technology Deployment ..............................................139 Enhancing Shared Awareness of the Location of Roadway Workers

and Trains ................................................................................140

Overview Work domain analysis characterizes the constraints and affordances in a domain. Subsequent analyses are required to uncover the work situations and task functions that arise in the domain, the range of strategies available to accomplish task functions, and the strategies actually used by domain practitioners that lead to effective and ineffective performance. Within the Cognitive Work Analysis (CWA) framework, control task analysis is conducted to uncover what needs to be accomplished, and strategies analysis is conducted to obtain a “process” description of how it can be accomplished (Vicente, 1999). This chapter provides an introduction to strategies analysis.