ABSTRACT

Proximity Police, Base of Crime Prevention Policy: The Municipal Police 128 Community Policing as Reconquest of the Streets: The Gendarmerie 128 Community Policing, Police Collaboration, and Sharing of Tasks 129

The Second Phase: Community Policing within the Framework of an Integrated Police 130

The Reform of the Police: The Organization before the Substance 131 Standardized Minimum Service and the Six Basic Functionalities of the Local Police 131 The Development of a Specific Norm: CP1, CP2, and Community Policing Pillars 132 The Excellent Police Function: An Encompassing Notion? 133

Organizational and Professional Implementation of Community Policing 135

The First Phase: On the Brink of the Reform, a Proximity Police Function at the Margins 135 The Second Phase: A New Integrated Police Trapped in Old Logics 137

The Problematic Location of the Police, between Structural Changes and Modeling of the Police Action 137 The (Non)essential Tasks 138 Two-Speed Partnerships: Police between Citizens and Authorities 139

The Split between the Local Police Policies and Crime Prevention Policies 140

In the past 20 years, the word police has been associated with a number of issues that have figured prominently in Belgian’s news media. These include robberies, insecurity, dysfunctions, and interagency competition. To meet these issues, government bodies have reorganized the police agencies and, more importantly, tried to implement community policing. But, more than a policy, community policing has become a catchphrase for politicians, a dominant theme of the willingness to revisit the work of the police and its relationship with the community. The notion of community policing, however, is vague and is often interpreted differently by different people, including police officers themselves.