Introduction Mycorrhiza is a symbiotic association between plants and fungi during the active period of growth in plants. In 1885, the German forest pathologist A.B. Frank coined the term Mycorrhiza, which literally means fungus root. Fungi of this phylum (Glomeromycota) have a characteristic feature of arbuscules and vesicles which helps in the uptake of phosphorus and micronutrients from the soil. Additionally it confers the resistance against plant pathogens.