Tunneling as a quantum mechanical effect takes place in a classically forbidden region between two regions of classically allowed motion. While the term “dynamical tunneling” typically refers to tunneling of quantum states across dynamical barriers in classical phase space [1], the original problem simply intended tunneling across a potential barrier. Both types of tunneling are addressed in this chapter, with major focus on situations in which external forces make the studied systems intrinsically time-dependent and allow for a dynamical control of tunneling through potential barriers or across band gaps which are dynamically explored by the system.