ABSTRACT

Driving is a complex and safety critical task that requires not only the interaction and coordination of cognitive, perceptual, and psychomotor skills, but also the ability to adapt to rapidly changing situational demands (Groeger, 2000). This involves the driver’s ability to select the stimuli and actions that are relevant to the driving context and task goals, while ignoring others and is referred to as selective attention. Attention may be oriented top-down in anticipation of expected events (top-down, endogenously) and/or captured bottom-up by unexpected stimuli/events (exogenously, bottom-up) (e.g. Posner, 1980).