Distinctly, the thermodynamic and kinetic factors of pulsed-laser-

induced liquid-solid interface reaction (PLIIR) can greatly influence

nanocrystal formation based on the understanding of the evolution

of the laser-induced plasma generated by PLIIR. Taking the pulsed-

laser ablation of graphite and aluminium targets inwater as a typical

example, we contribute a basic description of thermodynamic

and kinetic factors of PLIIR by detailed characterizations of

three important thermodynamic parameters, i.e. density of species,

temperature and pressure, of the laser-induced plasma.