Recently, liquid phase laser ablation has been attracting intense

attention. The advantage of this process arises from the following

characteristics: (1) laser pulse can reach the surface of the target

submerged in liquid as long as the liquid is transparent to the

laser, (2) the method can be applied to any target material, (3)

ablated species can be atoms and ions in highly excited states being

able to emit light, (4) products are all trapped in the liquid, being

very efficient for materials’ fabrication, and (5) ablated species are

confined in a small region because of the presence of liquid and

therefore a high pressure and high density are expected in the initial

stage of the ablation.