These cultural methods, while proven to be reliable, may not necessarily be optimal for detection of foodborne pathogens due to the current fast-paced production and distribution practices of food products by the food-processing industry. The rapidity of the food production system has actually helped spur the development and application of alternative molecular and more rapid methods for detection of foodborne pathogens. Early accurate detection of pathogens along the food production chain (from raw ingredients to nished product) can aid in avoiding the transmission of foodborne disease to consumers, thereby further protecting public health and lowering the nancial burden on the health care system, as well as reducing economic losses to the food industry, which stem from costly product recalls, loss of reputation, and litigation costs.