ABSTRACT: A new design methodology is developed called “Resilience-Based Design” (RBD) which can be considered as an extension of Performance-Based. The goal of RBD is to make individual structures and communities as “Resilient” as possible, developing technologies and actions that allows each structure and/or community to regain its function as promptly as possible. The paper describes a holistic framework for measuring disaster resilience at the community scale. Seven dimensions characterizing community functionality have been represented by the acronym PEOPLES. The proposed Framework provides the basis for development of quantitative models that measure continuously the functionality and resilience of communities against extreme events. In order to show the application issues, the road network of Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay has been considered as case study. Interdependencies among lifelines and the housing facility have been also considered. Over the longer term, this framework will enable the development of geospatial and temporal decision-support software tools that help planners to enhance the resilience of their communities.