DOI link for Ground Investigation
Ground Investigation book
Thus, the execution of a quality ground investigation is the fundamental “foundation” for the appropriate design and cost-effective construction of the bridge structures’ foundations.
A complete geotechnical study of a site therefore should (1) determine the subsurface stratigraphy and stratigraphic relationships (and their variability), (2) define the physical properties of the earth materials, and (3) evaluate the data generated and formulate solutions to the project-specific and site-specific geotechnical issues. Geotechnical issues that can affect a project can be broadly grouped as follows:
• Foundation issues-Including the determination of the strength, stability, and deformations of the subsurface materials under the loads imposed by the structure foundations, in and beneath slopes and cuts, or surrounding the subsurface elements of the structure.