Other Pancreatic Disorders
DOI link for Other Pancreatic Disorders
Other Pancreatic Disorders book
Trauma to the pancreas is most commonly due to blunt abdominal trauma. Children are more vulnerable to blunt force than adults. Pancreatic injury is less common after blunt abdominal trauma than liver or spleen injury. A contrast-enhanced abdominal computed tomography scan is the preferred imaging modality to assess for pancreatic injuries. Patients with delayed presentation of pancreatic trauma or those whose injuries were missed on initial presentation can develop a pancreatic pseudocyst, which is a fluid collection within the pancreas surrounded by a thick, fibrotic, nonepithelial lining. Prognosis of pediatric pancreatic trauma depends on the presence or absence of associated injuries, and mortality depends on how many structures are involved. The endocrine pancreatic tumors include insulinomas, gastrinomas and glucagonomas. Insulinomas are composed of insulin-secreting beta cells, and they are the most common endocrine pancreatic tumor in both children and adults.