The human resource function of any organization is especially well positioned to benefit from the business decision-making insights offered by Big Data. The ability to gain insight into the future and past behavior of employees is a key component to marshaling the power of people to better achieve desired organizational outcomes. This chapter

• Discusses the value of Big Data to enhance the human resource function of any organization;

• Reviews various case studies demonstrating how Big Data is already helping some organizations manage their human resources with greater efficiency; and

• Explains how certain legal concepts with an impact on human resource activities can create risks in connection with the use of Big Data.