This chapter adopts a forward-looking foresight approach to shed some light on the uncertain domain within which crime patterns are emerging. In a global system that is connected, multifaceted, and at the same time accentuates uncertainty (Innes, 2006; Bammer & Smithson, 2008; Ransley & Mazerolle, 2009) the use of linear approaches to solve complex crime is becoming less optimum. As discussed in this chapter, it is plain to note how traditional crime patterns are either flat lining or dropping, while new network and technology driven crime patterns are on the rise. This changing nature from traditional to networked crime is giving rise to a growing trend of what has been termed borderless crime (Wilson, 1996; Broadhurst, 2010). It is hence no longer adequate to use strategies that accentuate a silo approach in tackling new crime that is increasingly being dominated and underpinned by networks, both socially and in the use of technological infrastructure. Law enforcement and the criminal justice system at large need to reposition itself not as a mechanism that only fights crime, but as
Introduction 17 Emerging Trends: Linking Global to Society 18
Geostrategic Uncertainty and Its Influence on Social Construct within Society 19 Technology Crime versus Traditional Crime 23 Societal Change 26 Reflecting on Systemic Issues and Evidence from India: A Case Narrative 29
Systemic Implications and Opportunities 31 Conclusion 34 References 35
a value-laden networked system that proactively addresses socio-economic issues that give rise to criminal activity. This requires a transformation to take place from within before external forces dictate and impose changes on it.