ABSTRACT

Department of Spices and Plantation Crops, Faculty of Horticulture, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur-741252, Nadia, West Bengal, India *Email: [email protected]

12.1 Introduction ..............................................................................................443 12.2 Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum, Family: Fabaceae) .................444 12.3 Coriander (Coriandrum sativum, Family: Apiaceae) ..............................445 12.4 Cumin (Cuminum cyminum, Family: Apiaceae, Origin:

Mediterranean region) .............................................................................447 12.5 Ajwan (Trachystermum ammi. Family: Apiaceae) ..................................448 12.6 Black cumin (Nigella sativa, Family: Ranunculaceae) ..........................448 12.7 Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare, Family – Apiaceae.) ..................................450 12.8 Small cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum, Family:

Zingiberaceae, Origin: Western Ghats, South India ................................450 12.9 Large Cardamom .....................................................................................452 12.10 Ginger (Zingiber officinale, Family: Zingiberaceae, Origin:

South East Asia) .......................................................................................454 12.11 Turmeric (Curcuma longa, Family: Zingiberaceae, Origin:

South East Asia) .......................................................................................462 12.12 Nutmeg and mace (Myristica fragrans Family –Myristicaceae,

Origin – Moluccas Island .........................................................................468