ABSTRACT

RAJINIKANTH RAJAGOPAL, NOORI M. CATA SAADY, MICHEL TORRIJOS, JOSEPH V. THANIKAL, AND YUNG-TSE HUNG

6.1 INTRODUCTION

Agro-industries are major contributors to worldwide industrial pollution. Effluents from many agro-food industries are a hazard to the environment and require appropriate and a comprehensive management approach. Worldwide, environmental regulatory authorities are setting strict criteria for discharge of wastewaters from industries. As regulations become stricter, there is now a need to treat and utilize these wastes quickly and efficiently. With the tremendous pace of development of sustainable biotechnology, substantial research has been devoted recently to cope with wastes of ever increasing complexity generated by agro-industries. Anaerobic digestion is an environmentally friendly green biotechnology to treat agro-food industrial effluents. In addition, the carbon emission and, there-

Sustainable Agro-Food Industrial Wastewater Treatment Using High Rate Anaerobic Process. © Rajagopal R, Cata Saady NM, Torrijos M, Thanikal JV, and Hung Y-T. Water 5,1 (2013), doi:10.3390/ w5010292. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/.