Kyphotic deformities of the spine
DOI link for Kyphotic deformities of the spine
Kyphotic deformities of the spine book
This chapter explains what are essentially pure kyphotic deformities that include postural and structural kyphosis. The majority of patients seeking advice will have a postural deformity; however the pathological conditions produce significant challenges in management. It must be noted that kyphotic deformities may be present in infants but often are not readily apparent due to the shape of the baby. Hence when a diagnosis such as Larsen syndrome, achondroplasia or congenital anomalies is made the examination and radiographic evaluation assumes great importance. Structural kyphosis is defined as a kyphotic deformity of the spine associated with deformity of the vertebrae that may be either developmental or congenital in origin. A progressive kyphotic deformity of the thoracolumbar junction spine is commonly seen in achondroplasia. Deformities which are becoming stiffer and more severe with time can be improved with the use of a Milwaukee brace.