DOI link for Conclusions
This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts covered in the preceding chapters of this book. The book focuses on societal megatrends and how they are impacting the pillars of forestry. It argues that globalization, urbanization, and tertiarization represent a qualitative change in the social component of forest systems. The book also presents a disciplinary state of play whose limits appears sometimes implicitly or is revealed by comparison with others; others dare interdisciplinary prospect or offer useful while uncomfortable transgressions toward new horizons. The speed of societal changes is higher than the ability of human institutions to react and adapt. The industrial revolution and the generalized used of fossil fuels, the production of goods, trade, capital, technology, and information flows has rapidly expanded, leading to a globalized, urban, and tertiarized system that is becoming big enough to rival nature in shaping.