Chronic arthritis in children
DOI link for Chronic arthritis in children
Chronic arthritis in children book
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common rheumatic condition of childhood, with an annual incidence of 1.4 cases per 10 000 under the age of 16 years and a prevalence of 1.0 per 1000. It was in 1897 that George Frederic Still described a series of 22 cases of polyarthritis in childhood. Twelve cases had fever and florid lymphadenopathy; with these cases he brought together almost all the distinctive features of systemic-onset childhood arthritis except for the rash which was subsequently investigated by Isdale and Bywaters. At the end of the Second World War, the Canadian government presented the hospital at Taplow, England, to the people of Britain to serve as a memorial to the work of the Canadian Red Cross Society in this country during the War. It was established as a special unit for juvenile rheumatism under the directorship of Professor Eric Bywaters. Initially most children were admitted with rheumatic fever, in later years chronic arthritis became more prevalent.