BASIC EQUIPMENT Even if nail surgery happens on a surface under 4 cm2, it will encounter both very thick and hard structures (nail plate and bone) and thin and fragile tissues (nail bed and matrix). For nail plate surgery, instruments have to be sturdy and resistant. For nail

bed and nail matrix surgery, instruments should be as delicate as possible, as one may use for fine flaps on the face. Nail surgery often starts with a nail avulsion to see what is happening under the plate.