According to the idea of a globalizing world, modern society is characterized by intensified demands on productivity, competition, and flexibility, whereby individuals have come to face increased uncertainty about future outcomes of their choices and investments. However, globalization neither takes identical routes nor has the same consequences in all modern societies. Nation-specific structures, institutions, and traditions condition the impact of globalization on societal development (see Mills and Blossfeld, this volume). The current study takes the Swedish case as a starting point for analyzing instances and consequences of uncertainty in people’s major life transitions. Have processes of globalization implied a gradual postponement of transitions into adulthood also in a welfare state like Sweden?