The Karabagh conflict
DOI link for The Karabagh conflict
The Karabagh conflict book
Although the tensions underlying the Karabagh conflict can be traced much further back, the issue became global news only during the late 1980s. Its emergence was triggered by the announcement of the new policy of perestroika (see chapter 6) in the USSR. Perestroika, or restructuring, was a set of promises: Soviet society would be liberalized, social problems were to be treated more effectively, and political decisions would henceforth be approached in a more democratic fashion. The First Secretary of the Party, Mikhail Gorbachev, intended the innovation to be a signal that the authorities in Moscow were willing to transform the entire country into an open society. In his USSR the right of the people to spell out their needs and to lobby for their interests would be fully protected, and furthermore the public could expect the Kremlin not just to listen to popular demands but to respond to them.