Defenders of the State
DOI link for Defenders of the State
Defenders of the State book
The first use, in its political sense, of the actual word ‘state’ (Staat, état, stato) is generally credited to Machiavelli (1469-1527). The concept, however, was far older, dating back at least to ancient Rome. Its revival was part of that farreaching enthusiasm for rediscovered antiquity known as the Renaissance. The ancient Greeks had an idea of the state, but it was inseparable from its physical embodiment in the independent city-state or polis. They recognised other patterns of social organisation, but for them the adjective ‘political’ literally pertained only to the city.