This comparative study of nurses and midwives practising complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is an additional link in our ongoing research concerning the co-habitation of biomedicine and alternative medicine in Israel. We have been interested in negotiative processes of boundary crossing which take place when alternative practitioners work within the organisational context of biomedical institutions (Mizrachi and Shuval 2005; Mizrachi et al. 2005; Shuval 2001; Shuval and Mizrachi 2004; Shuval et al. 2002).