ABSTRACT

From the antique period, through to the age ‘of conversion’ and into medieval times the figures of Justice and Injustice, Truth and Falsehood, Love and Hatred, Hope and Despair have been visually elaborated as opposing personifications. They form pairs in the Virtue-Vice cycle in which struggle and overcoming posit a type of religious attitude. The figures of Hope and Despair are both related to the future, one redeemed, one doomed, an afterlife of either heaven or hell (Barash 1999). However, at the heart of this struggle is the maintenance of an unbounded hope with the expectancy of an eternal life.