ABSTRACT

One of the most inviting features of EAPs is the alleged fit of altruism and economy. Early EAPs had their major thrust from humanitarian motives, and over time it became apparent that the humanitarian reasons for EAPs could be reinforced by cost savings. There is ample evidence which support the idea that EAPs make good business sense (Decker, Starrett & Redhorse, 1986; Scanlon, 1983). For example, the U.S. Postal Service boasts an annual savings of more than $2 million through their EAP; the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism conservatively estimates a $5.78 return on every $1.00 invested in an EAP. However, monetary savings may not be the only or a primary reason for business and industrial organizations' acceptance of EAPs. Environmental, social, and other benefits may be equally important, especially in view of the fact that some EAPs may not result in economic gains for management Some reports indicate that EAPs are not effective in achieving set goals, economic or noneconomic, and there seems to be great need for more research in the field of EAPs (Beavers, 1984; Groeneveld et al., 1985; Jerrell & Rightmyer, 1982; Roll & D'Aonzo, 1970; Walsh, 1982).