Empirical research studies of employee assistance programs have traditionally focused -either on in-house alcoholism-oriented programs (see Mannello, 1979; Beyer & Trice, 1978; Steel, 1984, etc.), or on cost-benefit and programs outcomes (Foote et al, 1978; Myers, 1984)'of broadbrush programs —either in-hoese or contractual. While numerous articles listing the benefits of in-house or contractual programs can be found in the literature (Phillips & Older, 1981; Hellan & Campbell, 1981; Kolben,' 1982; Minter, 1983; Fleisher & Kaplan, 1984; Stein, 1984; etc.), they are not based on empirical research findings, but purely on the "conventional wis-

dom," or in the author's own practice experience. The single empirical study on this subject (Sudduth, 1984) is limited to six EAPs —only one of which was internal or in-house.