Central American (High) Courts
DOI link for Central American (High) Courts
Central American (High) Courts book
This chapter identifies the five distinct clusters in contemporary society: political, economic, military, transnational, and ideological. It shows how the nature of power in the final four of these clusters has changed in the Central American region as a whole, highlighting processes of centralization, regionalization and transnationalization in each area. Costa Rica is praised as a model of stability in what is regarded as a very unstable region. The chapter also shows how neo-liberalism became embedded in the economic and ideological power clusters of the region, a process widely supported by transnational institutions and agencies, resulting in regionalized economies and elites. It explores how the military in the region retained a large degree of autonomy, with its power expanded in particular over law and order issues, primarily due to the US-sponsored 'war on drugs', hence reinforcing right-wing dominance even further.