From its very beginnings in the 1950s, European integration has been entangled in practices of colonization and decolonization. This entanglement continues. A number of the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) of the member states – small at least in terms of population if not in terms of territory – have not been ‘properly’ decolonized as formally sovereign states. The EU therefore still finds itself implicated in peculiar versions of postcolonial sovereignty games revolving around these islands.