ABSTRACT

In the fall of 2000, members of the United Nations (UN) Security Council adopted Resolution 1325 (SCR 1325) entitled “Women, Peace and Security.”1 Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and states alike considered the document as revolutionary at the time. In light of increasing numbers of incidents of sexual abuse as well as harassment perpetrated by UN peacekeepers, on the one hand, and given the growing violence against women in ongoing civil wars, on the other hand, the resolution recognizes “the urgent need to mainstream a gender perspective into peacekeeping.”2 Since then, the UN, regional organizations (e.g., the European Union (EU), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)), and individual governments have started to implement and apply the resolution. While the Security Council invites national governments to establish national action plans (NAPs) in order to implement the provisions of the resolution,3 non-adoption is not sanctioned. As of September 2011, only 26 member states had adopted an NAP.4