This book describes the role of Russian business in all its manifestations and its impact on Russia’s foreign and security relations. Russian business power reflects a domestic situation shaped by the rise of powerful business networks, both legal and illegal, and by the fact that Russia’s integration into the world is increasingly driven by economic factors. The new perspective is in what the book tells us about two important topics that are addressed in the subsequent chapters: The first is the distinct link between Russia’s legitimate and criminal business development and the evolution of the Russian state and its foreign relations. The second is the impact of Russian business power on the balance of transnational conflict and cooperation in Russia’s foreign relations.