Tourism is an important part of the national economy for all European postcommunist countries. Most of them actively support the development of tourism, which was deliberately constrained during the communist era. During this period, most of these states took very strict measures to limit not only outbound tourism, but also to some extent inbound tourism. These restrictions were not limited exclusively to visa restrictions, but also included other legislation limiting the opportunities for citizens to leave the country and unfavourable currency exchange rates for visitors to these countries. The Czech and Slovak Republics, as successor states to Czechoslovakia, are now trying to continue in the tradition of tourism which was interrupted during the state communist government period from 1949 to 1989.