Legal frameworks for biosecurity
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Legal and regulatory measures are an important component of strategies for managing biosecurity risks. Adequate legislative provisions need to be in place at the domestic level to enable both preventative and responsive action to be taken, and these provisions must be successfully implemented and effectively enforced if they are to work. Whilst legal and regulatory interventions are not justiﬁed in every situation, measures which aim to prevent, contain or eradicate pests, diseases, invasive species and pathogens often depend upon a legal basis for action and, without this, scientiﬁc or political recognition of biosecurity issues may not be enough for biosecurity objectives to be met. Adopting the necessary legal frameworks is not, however, always a straightfor-
ward exercise. Biosecurity is a complex and technical area and the development of effective legal frameworks presents a number of challenges. This chapter examines key aspects of the international legal framework for biosecurity and the challenges faced at the domestic level for countries seeking to implement or update relevant legal provisions and arrangements. In so doing, the chapter brieﬂy highlights the historical development of domestic frameworks and the the development, nature and scope of key international instruments and bodies in the context of biosecurity.