This chapter explores three intersecting questions which, despite the increasingly globalised character of debates surrounding the social agency and responsibilities of museums, have received relatively little attention (Kreps 2008; Chapter 17, this volume). How do museums in non-Western societies address social justice and inclusion? Can a participatory (Simon 2010) and inclusive (Dodd and Sandell 2001; Sandell 2002) museum project be successful in ‘hierarchically organized societies and conflict situations where tribal networks and power are more important than impositions of a central government’ (Jones 2005: 301)? In such settings, which forms of exclusion might be challenged (and which issues might remain sidelined)?1