REDD+ (reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation and enhancing carbon stocks) raises significant challenges to the recognition of forest people’s rights. The challenges neither pose a uniform threat to forest people’s rights, nor merely afford new opportunities for rights recognition. The chapters in this book addressing REDD+ reflect this openness, even though most authors express skepticism. In Chapter 2, Sunderlin notes that REDD+ may work in support of the transfer of tenure rights to forest people, or may expose people to new competition for the rights they already hold. In Chapter 5, Ribot and Larson warn that REDD+ may exacerbate forest people’s political exclusion, although they recognize that it may open up new avenues for including forest people in democratic decision-making. MacKay, in Chapter 3, points out that REDD+ may remove some of indigenous peoples’ legal gains over the past two decades, yet may also offer forest people new forums for the recognition of their particular identities, histories, and visions.