ABSTRACT

In the course of recent decades, there has been a tendency for some governments to relax control over their national forest estate and to increase the area used or owned by non-state entities, such as communities, indigenous peoples, individuals, and firms. This broad pattern, called the forest tenure transition, is happening at a slow pace and is quite uneven among countries, yet it is measurable (White and Martin, 2002; Sunderlin et al, 2008).