ABSTRACT

Conservation and sustainable use of forests and other natural resources can contribute to human rights (cf. Laban et al, 2009; Springer and Studd, 2009). Likewise, forest conservation can be enhanced where people are empowered and rights are secure (Ostrom, 1990; Molnar et al, 2004; Sunderlin et al, 2008). Conservation also protects the rights and interests of future generations, nature, and the global public. Conservation, however, can infringe on human rights through, inter alia, physical, economic, social, or cultural displacement (Brockington and Igoe, 2006; Redford and Fearn, 2007), or inhumane enforcement measures (cf. Jana, 2007; Anaya, 2009).