Reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation and enhanced carbon stocks (REDD+) 1 is a global program for disbursing funds, primarily to pay national governments in developing countries to reduce forest carbon emission (UN-REDD, 2009, p4). Its framers acknowledge that REDD risks “decoupling conservation from development”, enabling “powerful REDD consortia to deprive communities of their legitimate land-development aspirations”, undermining “hard-fought gains in forest management practices”, and eroding “culturally rooted not-for-profit conservation values” (FAO et al, 2008, pp4-5). 2