This chapter sets out to identify how the process of supervision has fundamentally changed as a result of the neoliberal policy context and managerialism. It will argue that the technical-rational approach to managerial supervision has resulted in it becoming a process of surveillance rather than a process of reflective practice. We present a social constructivist approach (Parton, 2003; Hair and O’Donoghue, 2009) as an alternative paradigm that can enable supervisors and supervisees to claim back the space to reflectively review their work, and where the three functions of supervision can be balanced. We conclude by considering alternative modes of supervision: peer, group, and team, to offer the reader some creative ways of addressing the conflicting demands placed upon supervision.