From the 1960s onwards, a number of different revolutionary movements developed in the so called Third World. In response, many governments embarked on a systematic repression of the groups involved. But to a large extent, civilians not involved in any of the parties in conflict became the main victims. So it was that a new era of violence began, in which the kidnapping, torture and assassination as well as the disappearance of thousands of people became a political strategy for a number of governments. In the countries that suffered such repression, the consequences have been profound and long term, not only within those families directly affected, but throughout society.