Situating global citizenship
DOI link for Situating global citizenship
Situating global citizenship book
The purpose of this chapter is to defend the claim that the idea of global citizenship has application in the modern world,1 and more generally by implication the claim that there is a transnational social space within which individuals can act and indeed do act appropriately as agents with global objectives and remits. This transnational social space can also be referred to as global civil society. Many, though not all, parts of global civil society, in the form of networks and associations, constitute part-and as the world is now the major part-of the embodiment of global citizenship. Other discourses have also become popular such as global democracy and global governance, which also point to or presuppose the existence of this transnational social space and, in so far as ‘active’ global citizens can be seen as participating in deliberative activities which contribute towards our collective management of global issues, global citizenship is also linked to these two ideas. Put another way, we are right to recognize that various discourses such as global civil society, global democracy, global governance, as well as global citizenship, all point to a reality about global relationships which is transforming our understanding of the relations between states and the position of citizens within states. These ideas may or may not pick out quite the same reality. As we shall see, there may be tensions between what each presupposes. They certainly pick out different aspects of whatever this emerging reality is. On the interpretations which I offer they complement each other, and can in summary be related in the following schematic way: individuals (global citizens) are members of a global society (primarily global civil society) a function of which is to contribute to the management and shaping of public affairs (global governance) through a particular process or manner of participation (global democracy). Apart from defending a particular interpretation of the relationship between these concepts, this chapter is partly programmatic, in setting out a large network of possible relationships that are or might be suggested.