Prior to the war in Iraq, United States historian, Glenda Gilmore protested U.S. occupation of Iraq in a letter written in the Yale Daily News. Though her column offered an incisive analysis of the events to come, it sparked a nationwide controversy in which she was criticized for her political position and was personally attacked for being an academic engaging in a public debate. We have reprinted here her initial article in the Yale Daily News as well as her rebuttal to the controversy, which she gave in a talk to the Yale Peace Coalition meeting on April 9, 2003.